Category Eponymictionary
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Howship-Romberg sign

Description Pain and paraesthesia along the inner (medial) aspect of the thigh, down to the knee; and pain on internal rotation of the hip along the distribution of the obturator nerve. Caused by compression of the obturator nerve most commonly…
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Gowers sign

Physical examination finding seen in patients with proximal weakness of the extensor muscles of the thighs and is most often associated with Duchenne muscular dystrophy
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Lachman Test

Lachman test is a clinical test used to diagnose injury of the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL). Eponymised to John W Lachman, first described by GC Noulis

Roser-Nélaton line

Description What is the actual eponymous medical sign/syndrome/repair/classification… History of the Roser-Nélaton line Nélaton’s line (Roser-Nélaton line) Associated Persons Auguste Nélaton (1807 – 1873) Wilhelm Roser (1817 – 1888) Alternative names Name Name Controversies Did they first describe or popularise or…
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Mondor disease

Description Mondor disease is a rare, benign condition characterized by thrombophlebitis of the subcutaneous veins of the breast and anterolateral chest wall. Patients usually present with a painful breast (cord-like) mass. There may be overlying skin erythema. It may be accentuated when the…

Polymyalgia Rheumatica

Description What is the actual eponymous medical sign/syndrome/repair/classification… History 1888 – Senile rheumatic gout – William Bruce (1835 – 1920) – Senile rheumatic gout 1936 – Secondary fibrositis 1945 – Peri-extraarticular rheumatism – Holst and Johansen 1945 – Periarthrosis humeroscapularis…

Clinical Signs in Carpal Tunnel Syndrome

Description There are many signs and symptoms used in the evaluation of Carpal Tunnel Syndrome. Some finding may findings modestly increase or decrease the probability of carpal tunnel syndrome Clinical Signs Hoffmann-Tinel sign (1915) Phalen sign (1950) Katz Hand diagram…
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Fleischner sign

Fleischner sign: prominent dilated central pulmonary artery. Enlargement can be associated with massive embolus enlarging the luminal diameter of the proximal artery in the acute setting; or pulmonary hypertension in the subacute to chronic setting
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Wernicke-Korsakoff Syndrome

Description What is the actual eponymous medical sign/syndrome/repair/classification… History 1849 – Swedish physician Magnus Huss published a series of case descriptions under the title Alcoholismus chronicus. Huss tried to show that various types of symptoms could be distinguished: neural symptoms, in particular sensory-motor…