Urine Odour

12
OdourPotential causes
Sweet or fruity
Ketoacidosis (Diabetic, alcoholic, starvation)
Maple syrup urine disease (infants, rare)
Ammonia
Bladder retention
Urine at room temperature for prolonged period (“alkaline fermentaion”)
Bacterial infection
Faecal
Bladder-Intestinal fistula
E. coli infection
Contamination with feces
MustyPhenylketonuria
SulfurCysteine decomposition
Suppurative diseases of the GU tract
AromaticVolatile organic acids most marked in “concentrated” urine specimens
Swimming poolHawkinsinuria
Mousy
Cabbage
Tyrosinemia
Drugs
Diet
Characteristic of drugs such as antibiotics (e.g. penicillins);
food (e.g. asparagus)

References and Links


CCC 700 6

Critical Care

Compendium

Emergency physician MA (Oxon) MBChB (Edin) FACEM FFSEM with a passion for rugby; medical history; medical education; and informatics. Asynchronous learning #FOAMed evangelist. Co-founder and CTO of Life in the Fast lane | Eponyms | Books | vocortex |

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