Toxins

The following list of nasties only apply to Australia, New Zealand and certain species of snake found in Papua New Guinea. In the future this page will be more international.


Additional Resources:

James Hayes Fellowship teaching Snakebite
James Hayes Fellowship teaching Spider bite
James Hayes Fellowship teaching Marine toxinology

Tox Library Database:

CategoryTitle
ToxinsSea Snake
ToxinsTaipanEnvenoming, Antivenom, snake, coastal taipan, papuan taipan, small-scaled, fierce snake
ToxinsTiger SnakeEnvenoming, Antivenom, snake, western tiger, common tiger, stephen's banded, pale-headed, broad-headed, rough-scaled, copperhead, small-eyed
ToxinsDeath Adder
ToxinsBrown SnakeEnvenoming, Antivenom, eastern brown, western brown, guarder, dugite, snake
ToxinsBlack SnakeEnvenoming, Antivenom, mulga, snake, butler's collets's, papuan black, red-bellied black, blue-bellied black
DrugOpioidsRecreational, illicit Drugs
DrugGHBRecreational, illicit Drugs, Gamma-Hydroxybutyrate, Cherry meth, liquid Fanta, Easy Lay, Fantasy, Georgia Homeboy, Liquid Ecstasy, Liquid G
DrugCocaineRecreational, illicit Drugs
DrugCannabinoidsRecreational, illicit Drugs
DrugBarbituratesRecreational Drugs, illicit
ToxicantAmphetaminesRecreational Drugs, illicit, Recreational, street drugs, dexamphetamine, methamphetamine, methylphenidate, MDMA, ecstasy, cathinones, phenylethylamines, piperazines
DrugThyroxine
DrugTheophylline
DrugIsoniazid
DrugBaclofen
ToxicantPotassiumMetals
ToxicantMercuryMetals
ToxicantIronMetals
ToxicantArsenicMetals
ToxicantHydrocarbonsInhlalation
ToxicantCyanideInhalation
ToxicantChlorineInhalation, gas
ToxicantCarbon monoxideInhalation
ToxicantStrychnineIngestion
ToxicantParaquatIngestion
ToxicantOrganophosphorus agentsIngestion, OGP, organophosphates
ToxicantOrganochlorinesIngestion
ToxicantHydrogen peroxideIngestion
ToxicantHydrofluric acidIngestion
ToxicantGlyphospateIngestion
ToxicantCorrosivesIngestion
ToxicantButton BatteriesIngestion
DrugRisperidoneAntipsychotics
DrugQuetiapineAntipsychotics
DrugButyrophenonesAntipsychotics
DrugPhenothiazinesAntipsychotics
DrugOlanzapineAntipsychotics
DrugLithiumAntipsychotics
DrugClozapineAntipsychotics
DrugBenztropine (drug)Antipsychotics
DrugAmisulprideAntipsychotics
DrugHydroxylchloroquineAntimalarial
DrugChloroquineAntimalarial
DrugClonidineAntihypertensives, Anti-hypertensives
DrugCalcium channel blockersAntihypertensives, Anti-hypertensives, Toxicant, poisoning, amlodipine, diltiazem, felodipine, lercardipine, nifedipine, nimodipine, verapamil
DrugBeta-blockersAntihypertensives, Anti-hypertensives
DrugSedating AntihistaminesAnti-histamines
DrugNon-sedating AntihistaminesAnti-histamine
DrugTCAAntidepressant, sodium channel blockade, tricyclic, TCA, sodium channel blockade, aVR, bicarbonate, tricyclic, amitriptyline, clomipramine, dothiepin, dose-in, imipramine, nortriptyline, trimipramine
DrugSSRIsAntidepressant, Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors
DrugSNRIsAntidepressants, Selective serotonin and noradrenaline reuptake inhibitors
DrugMirtazapineAntidepressant
DrugMAOIsAntidepressant
DrugBupropionAntidepressant
DrugValproic AcidAnticonvulsants, sodium vaproate, valpro
DrugPhenytoinAnticonvulsants
DrugNewer AnticonvulsantsAnticonvulsants
DrugCarbamazepineAnticonvulsant
DrugBenzodiazepinesAnticonvulsants, BZD
DrugWarfarinAnticoagulant
DrugNOACsAnticoagulant
DrugAnticoagulant RodenticidesAnticoagulant
DrugQuinineAntiarrhythmic
DrugDigoxinAntiarrhythmics, foxglove, Lily of the valley, oleander, rhododendron, toad venom, toad
DrugNSAIDsAnti-inflammatory, poisoning, anti-inflammatories, ibuprofen, neurofen
DrugColchicineAnti-inflammatory
DrugSulfonylureasAnti-diabetic
DrugMetforminAnti-diabetic
DrugInsulinAnti-diabetic
DrugTramadolAnalgesia
DrugSalicylatesSalicylates, Aspirin, Methy salicylate, anti inflammatories
DrugParacetamolAnalgesia, Paracetamol, acetaminophen, NAC, Antidote, NAC, paracetamol, tylenol
DrugLocal AnaestheticAnaesthetics
DrugChloral hydrateAnaesthetics
DrugAlcohol ToxidromeAlcohol
DrugMethanolAlcohol
DrugIsopropranol
DrugEthylene glycolToxicant, poisoning, alcohol, radiator coolants, antifreeze, de-icing, solvents, brake fluid
DrugEthanolalcohol, Antidote, methanol, ethylene glycol
Antidote

Benztropine

Antidote, benztropine, acute dystonic reaction, dystonic
Antidote

Vitamin K

Antidote, phytomenadione, phytonadione, warfarin, coumadin, brodifacoum
Antidote

Sugammadex

Sugammadex, anaesthetic, antidote, paralytic, rocuronium, vecuronium, pacuronium
Antidote

Succimer

DMSA, Antidote, 2,3-dimercaptosuccinic acid, DMSA, lead, heavy metal, mercury, arsenic, bismuth, antimony, coper
Antidote

Sodium thiosulphate

cyanide, Antidote, cyanide, chlorate, cisplatin, bromate, bromine, iodine, mustard gas, nitrogen mustard
Antidote

Sodium Calcium edetate

EDTA, heavy metal, lead poisoning, Antidote, lead, heavy metal poisoning, calcium di sodium versenate, calcium di sodium edentate, calcium disodium ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid, EDTA
Antidote

Sodium Bicarbonate

Antidote, TCA, NAHCO3, local anaesthetics, carbamazepine, chloroquine, diltiazem, quinine, propranolol, hydroxychloroquine, chloroquine, flecanide, quinidine, procainamide, sodium channel blockade, aVR, tricyclic, amitriptyline, clomipramine, dothiepin, dose-in, imipramine, nortriptyline, trimipramine
Antidote

Pyridoxine

Antidote, vit B6, isoniazid, gyromètre, jet fuel, rocket fuel, ethylene glycol
Antidote

Pralidoxime

Antidote, Ingestion, organophosphorous, organophosphates, carbamates, chlorpyrifos, coumaphos, diazinon, dichlorvos, dimethoate, fenthion, malathion, parathiom, trichlorfon, aldicarb, carbendazim,carbendazole, carbazine, propoxur, sarin, soman, tabun, VX
Antidote

Physostigmine

Antidote, anticholinergic syndrome, antiparkinsons, antihistamines, antitussives, antidepressants, antipsychotics, anticonvulsants, atropine, hyoscine, glycopyrrolate, oxybutinin, mushrooms
Antidote

Penicillamine

Antidote, copper, wilson's disease, heavy metals, arsenic, iron, lead, mercury, zinc
Antidote

Octreotide

Antidote, sulfonylurea, Glibenclamide, Gliclazide, Glimepiride, Glipizide
Antidote

Naloxone

Antidote, opiods, opiates, clonidine
Antidote

N-acetylcysteine

Paracetamol, acetaminophen, NAC, Antidote, NAC, paracetamol, tylenol
Antidote

Methylene blue

Antidote, methaemoglobinaemia, Met-Hb
Antidote

Intravenous lipid emulsion

Antidote, IVLE, ILE, local anaesthetic, propranolol, TCA, verapamil
Antidote

Insulin (High dose)

Antidote, HIET, high dose, beta blocker, calcium channel blocker
Antidote

Idarucizumab

Idarucizumab, antidote, dabigatran, NOACs, anticoagulation, praxbind
Antidote

Hydroxocobalamin

Antidote, vitamin b12, cyanocobalamin, cyanide
Antidote

Glucose

Antidote, ethanol, insulin, propranolol, quinine, salicylate, sulfonylurea, valproate, beta blockers, calcium channel blockers
Antidote

Glucagon

Antidote, beta blockers
Antidote

Fomepizole

Antidote, alcohol, methanol, ethylene glycol
Antidote

Folinic Acid

Antidote, leucovorin, 5-formyltetrahydrofolic acid, methotrexate, methanol, pyrimethamine, trimethoprim
Antidote

Flumazenil

Antidote, benzodiazepine, alprazolam, bromazepam, clobazam, diazepam, fluitrazepam, midazolam, nitrazepam, oxazepam, temazepam, triazolam
Antidote

Ethanol

Toxicant, poisoning, alcohol, methylated spirits
Antidote

Dimercaprol

Antidote, british antilewisite, 2,3-dimercaptopropanol, arsenic, mercury, gold, lead, heavy metal
Antidote

Desferrioxamine

Antidote, iron, DFO
Antidote

Cyproheptadine

Antidote, serotonin syndrome, tramadol, citalopram, escitalopram, fluoxetine, fluvoxamine, paroxetine, sertraline, lithium, bupropion, desvenlafaxine, duloxetine, venlafaxine, tryptophan, dextromethorphan, fentanyl, pethidine, TCA, tricyclic antidepressants, amphetamines, MDMA, ecstasy, spirulina, st john's wort, MAOIs, moclobemide, phenelzineu, tranylcypromine
Antidote

Calcium

Antidote, calcium, calcium gluconate, calcium chloride, calcium channel blocker, hydrofluoric acid, hypocalcaemia, hyperkalaemia, hypermagnesaemia, ethylene glycol
Antidote

Atropine

Antidote, atropine, organophosphate, carbamate, bradycardia, av conduction delay, beta blockers, calcium channel blockers, digoxin, cardiac glycosides
Antidote

Dicobalt edetate

Antidote, dicobalt edetate, cobalt EDTA, EDTA, cobalt, cyanide
Antidote

Digoxin Immune FAB

Antidote, digoxin, DigiFAB, oleander, bufotoxin
Antidote

Digoxin Immune FAB (DORA trial)

DORA, chronic poisoning, acute overdose
ToxinsAustralian Scorpion
ToxinsBluebottle JellyfishMarine, Physalia, Portuguese man o' war
ToxinsBox Jellyfishmarine, Chironex fleckeri
ToxinsStonefishmarine
ToxinsIrukandji SyndromeCarukia barnesi, Jack Barnes
ToxinsBlue-Ringed Octopus
ToxinsRedback Spiderlactrodectus
ToxinsFunnel-Web SpiderEnvenoming, BBS, big black spider, spider, mouse spider
ToxinsWhite-tailed Spider
ToxinsTicksEnvenoming, ixodes, paralysis
AntivenomBlack Snake AntivenomAntivenom, mulga, snake, butler's collets's, papuan black, red-bellied black, blue-bellied black
AntivenomBrown Snake AntivenomAntivenom, eastern brown, western brown, guarder, dugite, snake
AntivenomDeath Adder Antivenom
AntivenomTiger Snake AntivenomAntivenom, snake, western tiger, common tiger, stephen's banded, pale-headed, broad-headed, rough-scaled, copperhead, small-eyed
AntivenomTaipan AntivenomAntivenom, snake, coastal taipan, papuan taipan, small-scaled, fierce snake
AntivenomSea Snake Antivenom
AntivenomPolyvalent Snake AntivenomAntivenom, snake, eastern brown, mulga snake, common tiger snake, common death adder, costal taipan
AntivenomStonefish AntivenomAntivenom, stonefish, bullrout, lionfish, cobbler
AntivenomBox Jellyfish AntivenomAntivenom, chironex fleckeri
AntivenomRedback Spider AntivenomAntivenom, lactrodectus
AntivenomFunnel-Web Spider AntivenomAntivenom, BBS, big black spider, mouse spiders

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Toxicology Library

TOXINS