Women Pioneers

Women Pioneer Eponym Library

Pioneer women in medicine.. Searchable database of female eponyms recording historical signs, syndromes, conditions, procedures and classifications eponymously named. We review 2000 *common eponyms, the person behind their origin, history, accuracy, relevance today.

EponymEponymous Term
WHITE, PriscillaWhite Classification of Diabetes in Pregnancy (1949)19001989USA, America, Americanphysician, obstetrical physiciandiabetes, gestational, pregnancy, fetal mortality, maternal mortality, foetal mortality, pre-gestational, pregestational,
WILLIAMS, Anna WesselsPark-Williams bacillus (1894); Williams stain (1905); Park-Williams fixative18631954USA, America, Americanbacteriologist, immunologisttrachoma, rabies, diphtheria, antitoxin
VAN LOHUIZEN, Cato H JVan Lohuizen syndrome (1922)18931937Dutch, Holland, Netherlands, Nederlandspediatric paediatricianCutis Marmorata Telangiectatica Congenita (CMTC)
LAXOVA, RenataNeu-Laxová syndrome (1971)1931Czech, čeština, TschechischPaediatric geneticistholocaust, nicholas winton, Polgar, PHGDH, ichthyosis, marked intrauterine growth restriction, microcephaly, short neck, central nervous system anomalies, lissencephaly
IMERSLUND, OlgaImerslund-Gräsbeck syndrome (1960)19071987Norway, Norge, NorwegianPaediatricianJuvenile megaloblastic anaemia, Megaloblastic anaemia 1 (MGA 1), Imerslund anaemia, Selective vitamin B12 (cobalamin) malabsorption with proteinuria
LARSEN, Ingegerd FrøyshovHansen-Larsen-Berg syndrome (1976)1937Norway, Norge, NorwegianPhysiciantotal color blindness, progressive cone dystrophy, degenerative liver disease, endocrine dysfunction, Retinohepatoendocrinologic
BELL, JuliaMartin-Bell syndrome (1943)18791879England, English, UK, BritishPhysician
LYON, Mary FrancesLyon hypothesis (1961), Lyonisation (1963)19252014England, English, UK, BritishCytogeneticist
HALL, Judith GoslinHall-Pallister syndrome (1980), Hall type of pseudoachondroplasia1939USA, America, AmericanGeneticist and paediatricianPallister-Hall syndrome, achondroplasia
FORBES, Anne PappenheimerForbes-Albright syndrome (1954)19111992USA, America, AmericanPhysician, endocrinologistgalactorrhea-amenorrhea caused by a chromophobe prolactin-producing adenoma of the pituitary
OPPENHEIMER, Ella HutzlerLanding-Oppenheimer syndrome (1957)18971981USA, AmericaPathologistCeroid storage disease in childhood, lipidoses
REED, Dorothy MabelReed-Sternberg cells (1902)18741964USA, America, Americanpathology, pediatric, public healthsternberg, hodgkin, lymphoma, milk, Madison, wisconsin, Mendenhall,
GRÖNBLAD, Ester ElizabethGrönblad-Strandberg syndrome (1929)18981970Sweden, Swedish, svenskaOphthalmologyPXE, angiod streaks, Furusund, ophthalmologist, Pseudoxanthoma elasticum, Groenblad,
CALL, Emma LouiseCall-Exner body (1875)18471937Physician, anatomistUSA, America, Americangranulosa cell tumours, Graafscher Follikel, Siegmund Exner, gonadoblastomas; sclerosing stromal tumours of the ovary; and in endometrioid carcinoma of the ovary
ASHBY, Winfred MayerAshby technique (1919)18791975USA, America, AmericanPathologistpianist, rcc, rbc, erythrocyte, piano, life-span,
BARR, Yvonne MargaretEpstein-Barr virus (1964)19322016Irish, Ireland, Southern Ireland, AustralianVirologistBurkitt, HHSV-4, EBV
MANN, Ida CarolineMann classification of coloboma (1937)18931983England, English, UK, Britishophthalmologist, ophthalmic surgeon, Australia, Perth, slit lamp, Dame, mustard gas, trachoma,
NEILL, Catherine ANeill-Dingwall syndrome (1950), Scimtar syndrome (1960)19212006England, English, UK, Britishcardiologist, paediatrician, pediatricsscimitar, Cockayne, progeria, pulmonary hypoplasia and partial anomalous pulmonary venous return (PAPVR)
BERG, Katherine OBerg Balance Scale (1989)Canada, CanadianPhysio, physical therapyfrailty, balance
WATERLOW, Judy AWaterlow score (1985)1933England, English, UK, BritishNurse, nursing, pressure sore
BARTHEL, Dorothy WBarthel index (1965)19112003USA, America, AmericanPhysio, physical therapistgeriatrics, stroke,
ANSELL, Barbara MaryAnsell-Bywaters-Elderking syndrome (1975)19232001England, English, UK, BritishPaediatric rheumatologistCINCA, NOMID, arthritis, pediatric, rhematology
SAKATI, Nadia AwniSakati-Nyhan-Tisdale syndrome (1971); Woodhouse–Sakati syndrome (1983); Sanjad-Sakati syndrome (1991)1938Syrian, Saudipediatriciancongenital, genetics, inbred
HOLT, Mary ClaytonHolt-Oram syndrome (1960)19241993England, English, UK, Britishphysician, cardiologycardiac rehabilitation, ASD, hand malformations, triphalangeal,
MENTEN, Maud LeonoraMichaelis-Menten equation (1913); Menten-Junge-Green method (1844)18791960Canada, CanadianPhysician, biochemist, pathologistSalmonella toxin, vitamin C, sedimentation, haemoglobin, protein electrophoresis,
DUBOWITZ, LillyDubowitz Score (1970), Dubowitz neurology examination (1980)19302016Hungary, Hungarian, Magyarpaediatrics, pediatric, neurologyneonatology, neurological exam, tone, power, pre-term, full-term, Sebők
ANDERSEN, Dorothy HansineAndersen disease (1956); Cystic fibrosis of the pancreas (1938)19011963USA, America, AmericanPaediatrician, pediatricsGlycogen storage disease type IV, cystic fibrosis of the pancreas, sweat test, trypsin
GAMSTORP, IngridGamstorp disease (1956); Gamstorp-Wohlfart Syndrome (1959)19242007Sweden, Swedish, svenskaPaediatric neurologist
KLUMPKE, AugustaKlumpke palsy (1885)18591927USA, America, AmericanNeurologistbrachial, plexus, mother,
SANTAVUORI, PirkkoSantavuori syndrome (1973), Muscle–Eye–Brain (MEB) disease (1977)19332004Finalnd, Suomi, Suomen tasavalta, Finnishpediatric neurologistSantavuori-Haltia syndrome, Hagberg, infantile neuronal ceroid lipofuscinosis, infantile onset spinocerebellar ataxia, IOSCA, INCL, MED, Jansky-Bielchowsky disease,
DE LANGE, Cornelia CatharinaCornelia de Lange syndrome (1933)18711951Dutch, Holland, Netherlands, NederlandsPaediatricianCongenital hypertrophy of the muscles, extrapyramidal motor disturbances and mental deficiency
HORAN, Margaret BurtonNance-Horan syndrome (1974)19092004Australiapediatriciancataracts-oto-dental, syndrome, X-linked cataract-dental syndrome, X-linked, congenital cataracts and microcornea, Hutchinson
BLACKWELL, ElizabethElizabeth Blackwell Award; National Women Physicians Day 18211910England, English, UK, BritishPhysicianFemale Physician
WILLIAMS, Cicely DelphineKwashiorkor (1933)18931992Jamaica, Jamaican Patois, Paediatrician, nutritionist, activistadvocate, world health, malnutrition, nutrition, child health, breast feeding, ackee fruit, Kwashiorkor,
DICK, Gladys RowenaDick Test (1924)18811963USA, America, Americanphysician, pathologistscarlet fever, toxin, antitoxin, vaccine, hemolytic strep
HOGG, Georgina RuthBirt-Hogg-Dubé syndrome (1977)19162002Canada, CanadianPathologist Hornstein-Knickenberg, fibrofolliculoma
APGAR, VirginiaAPGAR score (1953)19091974USA, America, AmericanAnaesthetistPaeds Score, backronym, Appearance, Pulse, Grimace, Activity, Respiration
JOSEPH, Sister MarySister Joseph Nodule (1928)18561939USA, America, AmericanNurse, sistercancer, metastasis, umbilicus, adenocarcinoma, julia, dempsey, DEMPSEY, Julia, hamilton bailey, mayo
DIX, Margaret RuthDix–Hallpike test (1952)19021991USA, America, AmericanNeurologistElicitation of extreme vertigo upon lateral movement of a patient's head when lying in a supine position
NITABUCH, RaissaNitabuch membrane1859Russia, Russian, РоссияPhysician, anatomistplacenta, fibrinoid layer,
WINTERHALTER, ElisabethWinterhalter's ganglia (1896)18561952German, Germany, Deutsche, Deutschlandneuroanatomist, physician, feministovary, ganglion, ganglia, autonomic,
SCHACHOWA, SeraphimaSchachowa spiral tubes1854Russia, Russian, Россияhistologisttubuli renales
POTTER, Edith LouisePotter syndrome (1946); Potter facies; Potter sequence; Potter classification of polycystic kidney disease (1964) 19011993USA, America, Americanpediatric, pathologistfacies, syndrome, oligohydramnios, renal agensis
BOIVIN, Marie Anne VictoireBivalve Vaginal Speculum (1825); Boivin Intropelvimeter17731841France, French, françaismidwifemidwife, speculum
GASKIN, Ina MaeGaskin (all fours) manoeuvre (1976)1940USA, America, AmericanMidwife birth, all 4's, fours, shoulder dystocia
LÜER, Jeanne AmélieLuer Syringe (1896)18361910German, Germany, Deutsche, DeutschlandManufacturerEquipment, syringe
STRAUSS, LotteChurg–Strauss syndrome (1951)19131985German, Germany, Deutsche, DeutschlandPathologistVasculitis, Eosinphilia, Eosinophilic granulomatosis with polyangiitis, EGPA
LOUIS-BAR, DeniseLouis-Bar syndrome (1941)19141999Belgium, Belgique, België, Belgien, FlemishNeuropathologistataxia telangiectasia
OLLENDORF, HeleneBuschke-Ollendorff syndrome (1928)18991982Germany, Deutschlanddermatologist
CURTH, Helene OllendorffCurth-Macklin syndrome (1954); Ollendorf probe sign (1923); Buschke-Ollendorff syndrome (1928); Curth’s criteria for the diagnosis of cutaneous paraneoplastic syndromes (1976)18991982Germany, Deutschlanddermatologist
WALKER, Mary BroadfootMary Walker Effect (1934)18881974Scottish, ScotlandPhysicianphysostigmine, neostigmine, prostigmin, Myasthenia Gravis,
WOLCOTT, Carol Nancy DettmanWolcott-Rallison syndrome (1972)19411994USA, America, Americanpediatrician
DE BARSY, Anne-Mariede Barsy syndrome (1938)1939Belgium, Belgique, België, Belgien, Flemishneurologist
WARBURG, MetteWalker-Warburg syndrome (12971)19262015Danish, Denmark, Danskophthalmologist
WYNNE-DAVIES, RuthWynne Davies Ligamentous Laxity (1970)19262012England, English, UK, Britishorthopaedic, geneticgenetics, scoliosis,
KLUMPKE, AugustaKlumpke paralysis18591927USA, America, AmericanNeurologistpalsy, paralysis
NOONAN, Jacqueline AnneNoonan syndrome (1968)1921USA, America, Americanpediatrician, cardiologist
SGARBOSSA, Elena BSgarbossa criteria (1996)Argentinian, ArgentinaCardiologistChest Pain, Criteria
FREY-GOTTESMAN, LucjaFrey syndrome (1923)18891942Poland, PolskaPhysicianhyperhidrosis, lemon, auriculotemporal syndrome, parotid gland, gun shot wound, jewish, concentration camp, ghetto
HURLER, GertrudHurler syndrome (1920); Hurler-Scheie syndrome (1962)18891965German, Germany, Deutsche, DeutschlandPaediatricianMPS, gargoyle, gargoylism, Mucopolysaccharidosis, MPS 1, MPS 1-H,
CANAVAN, Myrtelle MayCanavan disease (1931)18791953USA, America, AmericanNeuropathologist spongy
LÉVY, GabrielleRoussy-Lévy syndrome (1926); Lhermitte-Lévy syndrome (1931)18861935FranceNeurologist
CANADA, Wilma JeanCronkhite-Canada syndrome (1955)19262017USA, America, AmericanRadiology, radiologistpolyposis, ectodermal, diner
KNICKENBERG, MonikaHornstein-Knickenberg syndrome (1975)German, Germany, Deutsche, DeutschlandDermatologyBirt-Hogg-Dubé, perifollicular fibromas, extracutaneous cancer, colon polyps
MERRITT, Katharine KromKasabach–Merritt syndrome (1940)18861986USA, America, Americanpediatrician, physicianthrombopenic purpura, hemangioma
ABBOTT, Maude ElizabethRokitansky-Maude Abbott syndrome (1924)18691940Canada, CanadianPathology, pathologistostium primum, mitral valve, congenital cardiac disease
MACKLIN, Madge ThurlowCurth-Macklin syndrome (1954)18931962USA, America, Americangeneticisteugenics, canada, icthyosis, IHCM,
BONNEVIE, Kristine Elisabeth HeuchBonnevie-Ullrich syndrome (1934, 1936)18721948Norway, Norge, NorwegianBiologist, geneticist, zoologistzoology, house mouse, micro bleb, polydactyly
DABSKA, Maria MagdalenaDąbska tumor (1969)19212014Poland, Polish, Polskie, Polskapathology, pathologist, oncologistParachordoma, surgical pathology,
CORI, Gerty TheresaCori cycle (1929); Cori ester (1936)18961957Czech, čeština, Tschechisch, Czech Republic, Česká republikabiochemistG1p, glucose, glycogen
SCHACHENMANN, Gertrud DinaSmith-Theiler-Schachenmann syndrome (1966)19101997Swiss, schweizerisch, Switzerland, Pediatricianrib widening, microganthia
KLEEFSTRA, TjitskeKleefstra syndrome (2006)1970Dutch, Holland, Netherlands, Nederlandsclinical genetics, geneticistKleefstras syndrom, 9q subtelomere deletion syndrome (9qSTDS), EHMT1, haploinsufficiency
GARRETT ANDERSON, Elizabeth18361917England, English, UK, BritishPhysicianfirst female physician in the UK
WELANDER, LisaWelander distal myopathy (1951); Kugelberg-Welander syndrome (1956)19092001Sweden, Swedish, svenskaNeurologist
SABIN, FlorenceMees lines (1901)18711953USA, America, AmericanAnatomist, scientist, medical research
JOHANSON, Ann JJohanson-Blizzard syndrome (1971)19342020USA, America, AmericanPaediatric endocrinologistshort stature, growth hormone, Turner,
LøKEN, Aagot ChristieSenior-Løken syndrome (1961)19112007Norway, Norge, NorwegianNeuropathologist
CANALE, Virginia ClaireCanale-Smith syndrome (1967)19362005USA, America, Americanpediatric HaematologistChronic lymphadenopathy simulating malignant lymphoma
KAVEGGIA, Elizabeth GathyOptiz-Kaveggia syndrome (1974) [FG Syndrome], Kaveggia syndrome (1975)19262014Hungary, Hungarian, MagyarPaediatrician, geneticistrain man, dustin hoffman, vermis
BABER, Margaret DoreenBaber syndrome (1956)19101997Wales, Welsh, Cymrupaediatrician, pediatriccirrhosis, amino-aciduria, Fanconi
ILLIG, RuthIllig syndrome (1970)19242017German, Germany, Deutsche, Deutschlandpediatric endocrinologist
BIANCO-SILVERSTRONI, IdaSilvestroni-Bianco anaemia (1948)19172006Italy, ItaliaPhysician, hematologistthalassemia, hematology, Italy
AL-GAZALI, LihadhAl Gazali Syndrome (1994); Al-Gazali-Bakalinova syndrome (1998)Iraq, UAE, Arabgenetics, research, pediatric, paediatric
NELSON, Matilda MaryEmery-Nelson syndrome (1970)19302010England, English, UK, British, south african, south africaGeneticist, human genetics
NOACK, MargotNoack syndrome (1959)1909German, Germany, Deutsche, Deutschlandorthopedic, pediatricApert, Pfeiffer, Oegg, acrocephalosyndactyly
GOUTIERES, FrancoiseAicardi-Goutieres syndrome (1984)France, French, françaisneurologist, pediatric
TOLKSDORF, MarlisWiedemann-Tolksdorf syndrome (1973)1924German, Germany, Deutsche, DeutschlandPaediatrician, pediatrics, cytogenetics
ANDERSEN, Ellen DamgaardAndersen syndrome, Andersen-Tawil syndrome (1971)Denmark, DanmarkPhysician
SCHNITZLER, LilaneSchnitzler syndrome (1972)1938France, French, françaisdermatologist
BLOOMBERG, Esther LillianAlbright-Butler-Bloomberg disease (1937)1907USA, America, Americanchemist, technician
DIESENDRUCK, Judith AbarbanelNelson-Diesendruck basal medium (1952)19202007Russian born, USA, America, AmericanBacteriologistJewish, Zionist, Pioneer Women, American Professors for peace in the Middle East
HARPER, Rita GilmanHarper syndrome (1967)1934USA, America, AmericanPhysicianSeckel syndrome, bird-headed
CHRISTOL, BernadetteBazex-Dupré-Christol syndrome (1964)19342011France, French, françaisdermatologistJALBY, X-linked, congenital hypotrichosis, follicular atrophoderma, basal cell neoplasms
SAKURAI (Kitagawa), TsuyaSakurai-Lisch nodules (1935)19111995Japanese. Japan, 日本語physician, ophthalmologist
HECHT, Jacqueline TauberHecht-Scott syndrome (1981)USA, America, AmericanGeneticist and paediatricianFACTO, dwarfism, Fibular aplasia-tibial campomelia-oligosyndactyly
HERTWIG, PaulaHertwig-Weyers syndrome (1942)18891983German, Germany, Deutsche, DeutschlandBiologist
MYHRE, Selma AnnMhyre syndrome (1981)19372012USA, America, Americanpediatric, pathology, GeneticistHageman
WARBURG, MetteWalker-Warburg syndrome (1971)19262015Danish, Denmark, Danskophthalmologist
DEES, Susan CAldrich-Dees syndrome (Wiskott-Aldrich syndrome)19092001USA, America, AmericanPaediatricianasthma, allergy,
SMITH, Ann C. M.Smith-Magenis syndrome (1986)USA, America, Americangenetic counselor, geneticistmorrison, chisholm,
MAGENIS, Ruth Ellen19252014USA, America, AmericanGeneticist, pediatrician, paediatricianchromosome 15, angelman, prader-willi, 7 children,
DUDLEY, Florence ChisholmAllan-Herndon-Dudley syndrome (1943)19021962USA, America, Americanassistant in medical genetics
WOLCOTT, Carol Nancy DettmanWolcott-Rallison syndrome (1972)19411994USA, America, AmericanPaediatrician, pediatricsIDDM, Early-onset diabetes mellitus with multiple epiphyseal dysplasia
SHAFFER, Lisa G.Potocki‐Shaffer syndrome (1996)USA, America, AmericanGeneticist
POTOCKI, LorrainePotocki-Lupski syndrome (2000); Potocki‐Shaffer syndrome (1996)
FITTKE, HildegardDebré-Fittke syndrome (1942)
MEYER, Julia G.Say-Meyer syndrome (1981)
GRANGE, Dorothy KGrange syndrome (1998)USA, AmericaGeneticist
GOLABI, MahinSimpson-Golabi-Behmel syndromeUSA, America, AmericanPaediatrician
LUND, Valerie JLund-Mackay score (1993)England, English, UK, Britishrhinologist, ENTradiologic staging of chronic rhinosinusitis
TINETTI, Mary ETinetti test (1986)USA, AmericaPhysicianBalance, Gait Test
BAKER, KateBaker-Gordon syndrome (2018)Australia, Australian, OzziePhysicianSYT1-associated neurodevelopmental disorder
GORDON, SarahBaker-Gordon syndrome (2018)Australia, Australian, OzziePhysician
FLAITZ, Catherine MAtkin-Flaitz syndrome (1985)USA, America, Americanoral and maxillofacial pathologist and paediatric dentist
ATKIN, Joan FAtkin-Flaitz syndrome (1985)USA, America, AmericanPhysician, anatomist
BEHMEL, AnnemarieSimpson-Golabi-Behmel syndrome (1984)Geneticist
FOWLER, Clare JulietFowler syndrome (1985)1950England, English, UK, Britishurologist, neuro-urologist
TORIELLO, Helga V.Toriello‐Carey syndrome (1988)1952USA, Americagenetics, geneticistCorpus callosum agenesis facial anomalies Robin sequence; Corpus callosum agenesis-blepharophimosis-Robin sequence syndrome; Agenesis of corpus callosum
YOUNG, FreidaDyke-Young anaemia (1938)19102004England, English, UK, BritishPathology, pathologist
DRAVET, CharlottteDravet syndrome (1982)1936France, French, françaisPsychiatrist, Epileptologistsevere myoclonic epilepsy of infancy SMEI
MENDE, IrmgardMende syndrome (1926)Germany, DeutschlandPhysician
LUTZ-RICHNER, Anna-RegulaLutz-Richner and Landolt syndrome (1973)1942SwitzerlandPaediatrician
THERMAN, EevaPatau syndrome (1960)19162004Finland, Suomi, Finnish, cytogenetecistLilly of the Valley, trisomy 13

eponym: a person, place, or thing after whom or after which something is named, or believed to be named.

Origin: from Greek epōnumos ‘given as a name, giving one’s name to someone or something’, from epi ‘upon’ + onoma ‘name’. noun: eponym; plural noun: eponyms; adjective: eponymous

eponymictionary CTA

eponymictionary

the names behind the name